A cooking staple, Thai peppers are one of the most popular peppers for recipes that call for a medium heat level with delicious flavor. Thai peppers are commonly used in many Thai and Asian dishes and there are also numerous products that use Thai peppers as a main ingredient, including pepper flakes, hot sauces, and marinades. Thai peppers are about 1 to 2 inches in length and mature from green to red. These hot peppers have a medium heat level and the plants are very high yielding.
Thai pepper plants are easily grown in containers, making them an ideal pepper to grow on a balcony, patio or deck. They grow and ripen early and produce all season long. Thai average about 50,000 to 100,000 Scoville Heat Units, which is hotter than a Cayenne pepper but not has hot as a Habanero pepper. The Irish Shrub pepper is looks like a miniature version of the Thai pepper. The Thai pepper's close relative, the NuMex Twilight pepper, is one of the most popular ornamental peppers in the world.